(Navy Body Fat Standards: updated Feb 2022)
Note: As per NAVADMIN 178-15 (see below) these are the New Navy Body Fat Standards, and have been adjusted for age.
Male Body Fat Standards:
18-21 years old = 22 percent body fat
22-29 years old = 23 percent body fat
30-39 years old = 24 percent body fat
40 + years old = 26 percent body fat
Female Body Fat Standards:
18-21 years old = 33 percent body fat
22-29 years old = 34 percent body fat
30-39 years old = 35 percent body fat
40 + years old = 36 percent body fat
Sailors who exceed their allowable body-fat are deemed “overweight.” They are screened by medical personnel, and then entered into a mandatory weight-loss program. While in overweight status, sailors are ineligible for promotion, ineligible for many volunteer assignments and schools, will adversely effect their Navy FITREP and are not eligible to reenlist.
R 031159Z AUG 15 FM CNO WASHINGTON DC TO NAVADMIN INFO CNO WASHINGTON DC NAVADMIN 178/15 SUBJ/PHYSICAL READINESS PROGRAM POLICY CHANGES// REF/A/MSG/SECNAV WASHINGTON DC/121505ZJUN15// REF/B/DOC/OPNAV/11JUL11// REF/C/DOC/DODI/5NOV02// NARR/REF A IS ALNAV 050/15, DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY TALENT MANAGEMENT INITIATIVES. REF B IS OPNAVINST 6110.1J, PHYSICAL READINESS PROGRAM. REF C IS DODINST 1308.3, DOD PHYSICAL FITNESS AND BODY FAT PROGRAMS PROCEDURES. RMKS/1. This NAVADMIN enumerates changes to the Physical Readiness Program (PRP) as announced in reference (a). Physical Fitness Assessments (PFAs) should be designed and implemented to assess an individual Sailors health and mission readiness. The current PFA model enforces maximum body fat percentages and minimum physical readiness scores, but falls short on evaluating a Sailors overall health, and does not adequately reflect the challenges unique to sea duty and the increasingly technical nature of our jobs. The intent of these changes is to strike a better balance between health and physical readiness. 2. Amplifying instructions for Cycle 2 2015 (1 July 2015 to 31 December 2015): Cycle 2 2015 will continue to be administered in accordance with reference (b) with the following changes: a. Physical Activity Risk Factor Questionnaire (PARFQ): The PARFQ process is unchanged. All Sailors will complete a PARFQ as outlined in reference (b). b. Body Composition Assessment (BCA): Changes to the BCA are as follows: (1) BCA measurements taken in Cycle 2 2015 will be recorded for monitoring purposes only using the current methodology and BCA standards outlined in reference (b). (2) All BCA data will continue to be recorded in the Physical Readiness Information Management System (PRIMS), regardless of outcome. (3) BCA measurements exceeding current standards, as outlined in reference (b), during Cycle 2 2015 ONLY will not count as a Physical Fitness Assessment (PFA) failure. Sailors who exceed current standards shall be enrolled in the Fitness Enhancement Program (FEP) and in nutritional counseling. c. Physical Readiness Test (PRT): The PRT will continue to be administered in accordance with reference (b). PRT failures incurred during Cycle 2 2015 will be documented in PRIMS and count as PFA failures. PRT changes are as follows: (1) All medically cleared Sailors shall participate in the PRT regardless of BCA outcome. (2) If a Sailor is not medically cleared to participate in the PRT, this shall be annotated on Medical Waiver Form 6110/4. A Medical Evaluation Board shall be initiated if required in accordance with reference (b). d. Spot Checks: Commanding officers will conduct PFA spot checks. BCA and PRT failures incurred during a spot check will not count toward administrative separation, but may result in FEP enrollment to ensure success during the next official PFA. e. Fitness Enhancement Program (FEP): The FEP will continue to be administered in accordance with reference (b) or when commanding officers deem it necessary. 3. Effective 1 January 2016 (Cycle 1 2016), the following changes to reference (b) will go into effect: a. Physical Activity Risk Factor Questionnaire: An updated PARFQ form will better assist medical providers in assessing a Sailors overall health. Details will be provided via SEPCOR. b. Body Composition Assessment (BCA) Methodology: The new method for measuring BCA will consist of a three-step process. A Sailor who is medically cleared to participate in the PRT shall do so regardless of his or her BCA results under any of the three steps discussed below. (1) Step 1: Apply the current height/weight tables per reference (b) to a Sailor. If the Sailor is within height/weight standards, he or she will pass the BCA, steps 2 and 3 will not apply, and he or she will not be required to enroll in FEP. If the Sailor does not meet the height/weight standard, proceed to step 2. (2) Step 2: Apply a single-site abdominal circumference measurement. Scientific evidence indicates that individuals are at increased risk for health problems such as diabetes, heart disease, and cancer if their abdomen exceeds a certain circumference. Thus, a single-site abdominal circumference measurement will assist in identifying Sailors who are at risk for health problems. A Sailor will pass the BCA if abdominal circumference is less than or equal to 39.0 inches for males and less than or equal to 35.5 inches for females. If the Sailor exceeds the abdominal circumference measurement, proceed to step 3. (3) Step 3: If the Sailor exceeds the height/weight screen of step 1 and the abdominal circumference measurement screen of step 2, a body circumference measurement shall be conducted. Apply the body circumference measurement technique to determine body fat percentage per reference (b). The Sailor will pass the BCA by meeting the Department of Defense (DoD) maximum allowable body fat limit of less than or equal to 26 percent for males or DoD maximum body fat limit of less than or equal to 36 percent for females outlined in reference (c). The Sailor will fail the BCA only if the Sailor does not meet any of the standards employed in steps 1, 2, or 3 and shall be evaluated by a medical provider, enrolled in FEP, and provided nutritional counseling. All Sailors who are medically cleared, regardless of BCA results, shall take the PRT. A BCA failure will constitute an overall PFA failure for the cycle regardless of PRT results. c. The Body Circumference Technique currently employed under reference (b) will continue to be used to determine body fat percentage. The new Body Fat Standards will be graduated by age, reflecting a more realistic approach in accordance with DoD guidance, which is consistent with the American Medical Association and American Council on Exercise Standards. This approach will allow more Sailors to participate in the PRT portion of the PFA. New Navy Body Fat Percentage Standards based on a graduated scale that increases with a Sailors age: (1) Males: 18-21 = 22 percent, 22-29 = 23 percent, 30-39 = 24 percent, 40+ = 26 percent. (2) Females: 18-21 = 33 percent, 22-29 = 34 percent, 30-39 = 35 percent, 40+ = 36 percent. Any Sailor who exceeds the Navy’s updated graduated body fat standards set forth above shall be enrolled in FEP. (3) The Physical Readiness Program Operating Guides will be updated and Command Fitness Leaders will be trained on how to accurately conduct the single site abdominal circumference measurement. (4) In summary, effective 1 January 2016, a Sailor will have three options regarding BCA measurement: height/weight screening, single-site abdominal circumference measurement, and the body circumference measurement. d. Physical Readiness Test (PRT): The PRT will continue to be administered in accordance with reference (b). All Sailors cleared by their medical providers through the Physical Health Assessment (PHA) and PARFQ processes shall take the PRT, regardless of BCA outcome. e. Fitness Enhancement Program (FEP): Sailors shall be enrolled in FEP for any of the following reasons: (1) Exceeding the updated graduated Navy Body Fat Standards; or (2) Failing any portion of the PRT. Sailors enrolled in FEP due to BCA failure shall also be enrolled in nutritional counseling. All Sailors enrolled in FEP will be required to participate in a mock PFA every 30 days. Failures incurred during a mock PFA will not count as official failures. A Sailor will be disenrolled from FEP when he or she passes the PRT and is within the new Navy BCA standards. f. PFA Failure Determination for Administrative Separation Processing: Effective 1 January 2016, all PFA (BCA or PRT) failures in the most recent 3- year period will be reset to one failure. A Sailors most recent failure will carry over to Cycle 1 2016. Note: A Cycle 2 2015 BCA failure will not count as a carry-over failure, but a PRT failure incurred in Cycle 2 2015 will count as a carry-over failure. g. Administrative Separation Policy Guidance: (1) Effective 1 January 2016, a Sailor who fails two PFA cycles in the most recent 3-year period shall be processed for administrative separation. Failing either the BCA or the PRT will constitute a PFA failure for the cycle in which it is incurred. (2) Effective immediately, a Sailor subject to an approved or pending administrative separation due to multiple PFA (BCA or PRT) failures, who has not yet been separated, shall be offered the opportunity to be retained. A Sailor who desires to separate from the Navy will continue processing for administrative separation. A Sailor who desires to be retained must notify his or her commanding officer, be medically cleared to participate in the PRT, and pass either a mock or the official PRT before 1 December 2015. All mock PFA data shall be recorded in PRIMS under the FEP tab in each Sailors profile. A Sailor who does not meet present Navy BCA requirements as outlined in reference (b) must be cleared by his or her medical provider to participate in the Cycle 2 2015 PRT. (a) If the Sailor is not medically cleared to participate in the PRT, this shall be annotated on Medical Waiver Form 6110/4. A Medical Evaluation Board shall be initiated if required in accordance with reference (b). If a Sailor failed the Cycle 1 2015 BCA, the Sailor shall be automatically enrolled in FEP. (b) During FEP, the Sailor shall participate in a mock PFA every 30 days. The deadline to pass either a mock or the official PRT is 1 December 2015. (c) If a Sailor does not pass either a mock or the official PRT by 1 December 2015, the failure will be recorded in PRIMS. If a Sailor who was pending administrative separation as of 1 July 2015 does not pass either a mock or the official PRT by 1 December 2015, he or she will continue to be processed for administrative separation. A Sailor who fails any portion of the PRT during Cycle 2 2015 will incur a failure for the PFA, and the failure will count toward administrative separation. The current Navy administrative separation standard of three failures in the most recent four-year period will continue in effect through 31 December 2015. (d) Effective 1 January 2016, all PFA failures in the most recent 3-year period will be reset to one failure. 4. Future Planned Changes: a. Developing a Navy-wide Registered Dietician (RD) utilization plan; b. Enhancing SHIPSHAPE and encouraging approved civilian diet programs; c. Establishing Go for Green healthy-eating ashore and at sea; d. Providing more support for post-partum Sailors to re-attain or exceed previous fitness goals; e. Wearable-fitness device studies to monitor physical output and rest; f. Enhance Physical Readiness Test; and g. Fitness awards for Sailors who score outstanding. 5. In the long-term, the Navy strives to move away from PFA testing as a calculation of BCA maximums and PRT minimums, to a more realistic measure of health, fitness, and mission readiness. To do this, the Navy will incorporate methods of assessing sleep patterns, activity, nutrition, and genetic risk factors. 6. For questions, please contact the Physical Readiness Program Help Desk at (901) 874-2210/DSN 882 or via e-mail at navyprt(at)navy.mil. Physical Readiness Program polices, operating guides and FAQs can be found on the NPC 21st Century Sailor web page http://www.npc.navy.mil/bupers- npc/support/21st_Century_Sailor/physical/Pages/default2.aspx. 7. Released by Vice Admiral W. F. Moran, N1.//